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PedsAnesthesiaWiki


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General Topic Areas / Jump Points
Each of these topics represents a start point for a topic. Because of the nature of Wiki, the list is infinitely changeable.


Introductory Topics

Preface
Disclaimer
The Editing Team
History of Pediatric Anesthesia
Pediatric Anesthesia Worldwide
Measuring Outcome in Pediatric Anesthesia
Basic Pediatric Concepts
Psychological Preparation of the Pediatric Patient & Family
The Making of a Pediatric Anesthesiologist
Certification Processes
Test Your Knowledge

Basic Clinical Information

Basic Science Relevant to Practical Pediatric Anesthesia

The Growing Child

Embryology
Development
Growth
Developmental Psychology

Anatomy & Physiology

Respiratory System
Cardiovascular System
Renal System
Endocrine System
Nervous System
Temperature Regulation
Fluid & Electrolytes
Coagulation & Bleeding
Pharmacology
Clinical Pharmacokinetics & Pharmacodynamics in children
Anesthetic Agents
Opiates & Sedatives
Muscle Relaxants

Ethical Issues in Pediatric Anesthesia

Ethical Constructs relevant to Pediatric Anesthesia
The Emancipated Minor
Assent/Consent
The child of a Jehovah's Witness

Clinical Techniques

Preoperative Assessment

The Fetus
The Infant
The Child
The Adolescent
The Adult-aged Pediatric Patient
The Former Premature Patient
Upper Respiratory Infection
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Preoperative Fasting

Pre-anesthetic Medication

Anesthetic Induction

Parental Presence During Induction
Magic as a Distration Technique
Distracting Devices

Maintenance of Anesthesia

Fluid Management
Neuromuscular Blockade
Blood Products
Volatile Anesthetics
Temperature Management
Positioning
Ventilation

Emergence/Recovery from Anesthesia

Emergence Agitation/Delirium
Post Operative Nausea & Vomiting
Pain Management in the Recovery Room

Airway Management

Basic Airway Anatomy of the Pediatric Patient
Basic Airway Management of the Pediatric Patient
Recognizing and Managing the Difficult Pediatric Airway
Difficult Airway Response Teams
Advanced Airway Techniques

Vascular Access

Intravenous catheter placement & Care
Central Venous Catheter placement & Care
Intraosseous Access & Care
Arterial catheter placement & Care

Regional Blockade

The use of Ultrasound for Regional Anesthesia
Local Anesthetics in Children
Axial Blockade
Caudal
Lumbar Epidural
Thoracic Epidural
Spinal
Head & Neck
Upper Extremity
Interscalene
Supraclavicular
Infraclavicular
Axillary
Peripheral Arm
Intravenous Regional (Bier)
Thorax
Intercostal
Paravertebral
Abdomen
Transversus Abdominus Plane
Rectus Sheath
Ileoinguinal/Ileohypogastric
Penile
Lower Extremity
Femoral
Sciatic
Popliteal
Ankle
Continuous Catheter Infusion (Outside of Hospital)

Blood Conservation Techniques

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

PALS Protocols
Special Situations in the OR
Prone CPR

Syndromes/Disorders

Diabetes
Genetic Disease
Down Syndrome
Guillain–Barré syndrome
Malignant Hyperthermia
Mitochondrial Disease
Porphyria

Procedure Based Discussions

Generalized Suggested Outline

General Surgery

Gastrochesis
Omphalocoele
Pyloric Stenosis
Umbilical Hernia
Inguinal Hernia
Diaphragmatic Hernia
Cystic Adenomatous Malformation (CAM)
Tracheo-Esophageal Fistula
Umbilical Herniorrphy
Central Line Placement (Hickman/Broviac/Infusaport)
Trauma
Burns

Transplant

Liver Transplant
Renal Transplant

ENT

Myringotomy Tubes
Tonsillectomy/Adenoidectomy
Mastoidectomy
Tracheostomy
Cricoid Split Procedure
Suspension Micro Laryngoscopy

Oral Surgery

Dental Restoration
Dental Extraction

Orthopedics

Idiopathic Scoliosis
Neuromuscular Scoliosis
Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis
Upper Extremity Fracture
Lower Extremity Fracture

Neurosurgery

Brain Tumor Craniotomy
Arnold Chiari Malformation
Ventriculo-Peritoneal Shunt
Spinal Cord Untethering

Plastics

Craniofacial Resonstruction
Cleft Palate
LeFort Advancement
Pierre Robin Mandibular Distraction

Urology

Circumcision
Inguinal Hernia
Cystoscopy
Hypospadias
Ureteral Re-Implantation
Bladder Augmentation
Neonatal Exstrophy

Ophthalmology

Strabismus
Glacoma
Retina
Retinoblastoma
Nasolacrimal Duct
Ptosis
Open Globe
Orbital Trauma/Fracture

Cardiac/Congenital Heart Disease

Gastroenterology

Upper Endoscopy
Lower Endoscopy/Colonoscopy
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreaticogram
Liver Biopsy

Oncology

Lumbar Puncture
Bone Marrow Aspirate/Biopsy
Bone Marrow Harvest

Radiology

Interventional Radiology
Gastic-Jejunal Feeding Tube Insertion
Vascular/Lymphatic Malformation
Whittaker Procedure
Endovascular Liver Biopsy
Cyst Drainage
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Head/Body
Cardiac MRI

Pain Management

Perioperative Analgesic Pharmacology in Children (WFSA)
Overview of Pain in Children
Factors that Modulate Pediatric Pain
Assessment of Pain in Children
Multimodal Pain Management in Children
Pain Treatment in Children
Acute Pain
Surgical
Medical
Chronic Pain
Acute Pain that Becomes Chronic
Surgical
Medical
Patient/Nurse/Parent Controlled Analgesia
Patient Controlled Epidural Anesthesia

Palliative Care

Principles of Pediatric Palliative Care
Transitioning to Palliative Care
Setting Goals
Techniques in the Palliative Setting

Operational/Procedural Topics

Operating Suite Design and Implementation

Pre-operative Evaluation Center
Pre-operative In-Take
Operating Room Design
Post-anesthesia Care Unit
Remote Anesthesia Locations
Radiology
Magnetic Resonance Suite
Cardiac Catheterization
Pet Scanner
CT Scanner
Emergency Department

Sedation of the Pediatric Patient

Transporting the anesthetized Pediatric Patient

Recovery of the Pediatric Patient

Post Operative Nausea & Vomiting
Pain Management in the Recovery Room

Personnel Safety in the Pediatric Environment

The Pediatric Perioperative Surgical Home